Elder(Sambucus nigra)






Elderberry juice may improve flu-like symptoms, such as fever, fatigue, headache, sore throat, cough, and aches, in less time than it normally takes to get over the flu. Additional research is needed in this area before a firm conclusion can be reached. 

Bacterial sinusitis


Elder has been observed to reduce excessive sinus mucus secretion in laboratory studies. There is only limited research specifically using elder to treat sinusitis in humans. Combination products containing elder and other herbs (such as SinupretŪ) have been reported to have beneficial effects when used with antibiotics to treat sinus infections, although the majority of this evidence is not high quality and requires confirmation with better research.



There is a small amount of research on the combination herbal product SinupretŪ in patients with bronchitis. This formula contains elder flowers ( Sambucus nigra ) as well as gentian root, verbena, cowslip flower, and sorrel. Although benefits have been suggested, due to design problems with this research, no clear conclusion can be drawn either for SinupretŪ or elder in the management of bronchitis.

High cholesterol


Reliable human evidence is currently unavailable evaluating elder alone as a treatment for high cholesterol. Early study reports that elderberry juice may decrease serum cholesterol concentrations and increase low-density lipoprotein (LDL or "bad" cholesterol) stability. Additional research is needed in this area before a firm conclusion can be reached. Elder should not be used in the place of other more proven therapies, and patients are advised to discuss with their primary healthcare provider before using elderberry for treatment of high cholesterol.